With a population of around 10,000 people and lying about 9 miles (14km) west of Rijeka, Opatija was once upon a time the grand dame of Croatian tourism. It was the most fashionable seaside resort during the Austro-Hungarian Empire and many fine hotels, residences and houses were built there during that period. European royalty also stayed there then, as did famous celebrities (well, back in the day!) such as the singer Gigli, the dancer Isadora Duncan, and composers Mahler, Puccini and Lehar.
The place has still retained much of its glamour which means that some hotels can be a little on the pricey side. If you’re on a budget, private accommodation is a more suitable choice – info can be obtained from the tourist office in the centre of town.
Getting to Opatija
The Autotrans website is also your best bet if you want to check bus timetables for routes from elsewhere in Croatia to Opatija.
History of Opatija
Opatija emerged from an abbey that was built on the present-day site of the town. The Abbey of St Jacob (or Opatija Sv. Jakova in Croatian – as you can see, the Croatian word opatija means abbey ) was built in the 14th century.
Its proper emergence as a town took place in the 19th century, when it was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. A wealthy Rijeka businessman, Iginio Scarpa, built the Villa Angiolina in 1844 as a holiday home and to entertain clients and Austrian nobility.
From this point on, Opatija emerged as a popular tourist destination especially as it and nearby Rijeka were linked to Vienna by rail. Further hotels and villas were built in the later part of the 19th century, including the Hotel Kvarner and the Hotel Imperial, as well as a 12km long promenade by the sea, the lungomare. As mentioned, Opatija became something of a upscale, elegant resort and was popular with nobility, royalty and the celebrities of the time – even becoming known as the “Austrian Nice”! Its positioning meant it has – and still does – have a temperate climate, and so was also considered a spa and health resort, suitable for treating a variety of ailments.
Sightseeing in Opatija
St Jacob’s Church is built on the site of the abbey from which Opatija grew. Parts of the church stem from the early 16th century, but the majority of its current structure was was reconstructed in 1937.
Villa Angiolina, the first major building to be built in modern-day Opatija – in 1844 – still exists today and is in good condition. It is surrounded by a beautiful nature park, with plants brought (at that time) from India, China, Japan, South America and Australia.
The lungomare is the 12-km seaside promenade, initially constructed in 1889, which stretches all the way to Lovran. Originally intended for use in physiotherapy (as mentioned, Opatija was a health resort), the path winds past many of Opatija’s attractions and is a lovely walking path along the sea.
One of Opatija’s most famous symbols is the Maiden with the Seagull, a sculpture from 1956 of a girl with her hand stretched out to a seagull, looking out to sea.
Accommodation in Opatija
Opatija is considered one of Croatia’s premier resorts, which means it has quite a few 4- and 5-star hotels. For full listings of accommodation options, see our Accommodation in Opatija page.
General info on Opatija
Opatija Tourist Office: Vladimira Nazora 3, tel: 051 271 710, fax: 051 271 699, email: email@example.com.